Nurturing Excellence Together

  1. Maths Addition Page

Learning to Count and Add (+)

 < Back to main page

Learning Objective

Clip to support understanding

  • Know number bonds to 10 and 20    


  • add mentally a series of one-digit numbers


  • add multiples of 10 (such as 60 + 70) or of 100 (such as 600 + 700) using the related addition fact, 6 + 7, and their knowledge of place value;


  • partition  numbers using place value counters (this enables the pupil to see and understand the value of the numbers they are working with)


  • Children are taught to say numbers in familiar contexts such as number rhymes or in role-play. This will develop into the counting of everyday objects.


  • Children will learn to sort and classify before moving on to adding.


  • The children will be taught to say and write the numbers in a range of ways (e.g. in sand, with a pencil, with chalk) to match up names and quantities and order them.


  • Children will be taught to solve problems involving the use of the skills listed above.


  • The children will be taught to use the vocabulary involved in addition through practical activities and discussion e.g. more, and, add, sum of, total, altogether.


  • Children will use a range of equipment such as objects, ten frames, Numicon and everyday objects to learn to count and add up.
  • By using visuals in ten frames or with Numicon children will start by counting each visual but after a while they will just know what 10 looks like, what 6 looks like and so on.
  • Children also develop their ‘number sense’ by learning to group in different ways.

Video (working out how many are there in different ways)


Video (making 10)


Video (making 20)


Video (counting up in 5’s)


Video (counting up in 3’s/making 10)


Video (finding a total by grouping)


Video (finding a total by grouping)



  • Children are encouraged to use a number square to add by counting on, initially in units, then in tens and units. This is a useful visual aid for children should they need it.



  • Alongside adding with a 100 square,the number line can be used as another visual reference.


Video (adding one number or counting in jumps of 2)


Video (adding single digits on a number line)

  • The children are also encouraged to use their fingers to count in the early stages


  • Children then begin to use numbered lines to support their own calculations using a numbered line. For example, adding a two digit number to a two digit number.                 


  • The next step is to use an empty number line


  • Learning to partition in different ways helps children to understand what they are adding


  • Adding up in columns (no carry)


  • Adding mentally by partitioning


  • Adding up in columns with a carry


  • Adding decimals


  • Adding decimals in columns


  • Adding fractions with visuals


  • Adding fractions with the same denominator


  • Adding fractions with different denominators with visuals


  • Adding fractions with different denominators


  • Adding mixed fractions with visuals


  • Adding mixed fractions